A strong work bench is the basic piece of equipment needed to produce good work.The working surface must be at a convenient height or planing, sawing and chiseling become backbreaking occupations. The top itself should be a solid piece of hardwood, such as 50 mm thick beech or birch, firmly attached to the supporting table construction and supporting a strong vice.
1. A well which will accommodate planes and chisels etc., when temporarily not in use is an essential feature of a good bench. If a small lipping is screwed at the end of it, a plane can be rested without being damaged.
2. A hardwood bench stop which can easily be adjusted.
3. A good bench may have storage cupboards fitted and will be soundly made. The heavy sectioned softwood timber used being mortise and tenoned together and the through joints being wedged.
4. fitted cupboards for storing small work and the basic tool kit ( commonly at the ends of the bench) help to keep the workshop tidy.
The true quality of steel used in tools varies according to the
job that tool is required to do.
Tensile qualities (being capable of twisting and bending without breaking)
whereas a wood chisel demands a hard finely grained steel that will sharpen
as well as maintain a good cutting edge.
Neither steel could be used for the other job
a brittle screwdriver would not sharpen properly.
Measuring: The accurate measuring of given distances is necessary
if your work is Tobe of a good standard. Here are three tools
that are generally use.
1. Steel Tape: This is mainly used for longer measurements
such as marking out on boards and checking the overall
dimension of work.
Folding Rule: The Four-Fold rule of one meter are convenient for
the woodworker to carry in the apron pocket.
The best quality rules are made from boxwood with brass hinges and
end-plates which are designed to prevent excessive wear.
Boxwood rules have been superseded by a shock-proof plastic
type with stainless Steel fittings.
Steel Rule: This is an essential part of the tool kit for accurate
marking out and the square zero end which must not be misused,makes
gauge setting and the measuring of internal dimension easy.
Pencils: Carpenters pencils which are oval in section and have a heavy
lead are longer lasting than normal pencils when marking boards for sawing.
Chalk Line: Straight lines can normally be gauged parallel to the edge
of boards with a rule and pencil, but when the edge is uneven or
waney a chalk line is useful.
Marking Knives: Marking knives are traditionally made of steel with
hardwood handles (Rosewood) riveted on.
They are hard wearing but because of their wide blade are not
convenient for work in small spaces eg: Making dovetail pins from tails.
Try Square: The Try Square, mitre Square and Sliding bevel are
traditionally made from similar materials.
They are dual- purpose in that they are used in marking out joints
and, at a later stage in the work for testing squareness and a variety of angles.
Mitre Square: Made in a similar manner to the try square, its blade is set
in the stock at the acute angle of 45 degree and the obtuse angle of 135 degree.
The stock is protected against wear and damage by in-laid brass plates.
Sliding Bevel: The steel blade has a 45 degree bevel point at one end
and is slotted into a plastic stock.
The offset slot enables lines to be drawn along its full length clear of the stock.
a finger- tight locking lever is used ti fix the blade and to release it for adjustment.
Cutting: Chisels- the best types are made of high- quality carbon steel that
will maintain a sharp cutting edge throughout their length.
They are fairly brittle and can be dangerous if not used properly.
It is important to have the right type and size of chisel for each job.
Firmer Chisel: This square edge chisel is used in work where a certain amount
of robustness is needed.
Like most chisels it is made in a dozen blade sizes from 3mm to 50 mm wide and
can be fitted to a variety of handles.
Mortise Chisels: There are three main types.
It is the registered type that you probably use more than any other, particularly
for cutting mortises under 9mm wide.
The Router: The main use is to clean out and level grooves and housing to a
set depth – The bulk of the wood usually have been removed by other means,
such as a chisel.
Hammers: Hammer heads are usually made from a high grade alloy steel which has
been forged to one of two shapes.
If you are some body who enjoys building woodworking crafts/projects and some basic carpentry skills this site will be of interest to you as it was me. The site is Teds Woodworking and it was one of the best that I’ve ever seen.
There are over 16,000 (!) woodworking plans which you can download instantly. You will not be disappointed in this one since i have tried several of the others and they were lacking in the instructions which they gave and were difficult to understand.
I wanted to try my hand at making a work bench for my self and so i discovered this great site and thought i would give it a try. The advertisement that I found supplied the website for Ted’s Woodworking so when my curiosity got the best of me I clicked on to see what it was all about.
Ted Mcgrath was the originator of the site and is an expert woodworker so he knows what he is speaking about. There are numerous woodworking plans in this collection and you will not believe this but there are over 16,000 plans in this one package deal.
This is really amazing to find that many plans all together. For someone like me who is just really starting to get involved with woodworking this was like letting me loose in a candy store and telling me I could have anything I want. That was my dream back when i was a kid.
Well I was very skeptical as there are lots of websites for the very same thing and you have to be careful and I wondered how one person could get so many plans and woodworking blueprints setup but Ted made it happen.
I decided to purchase it and was never disappointed as the pages were done in color and they were outlined and very detailed which made it easy to understand. I actually found it hard to put down and do some other activities when I got it was so interesting. It provided me new ideas for summer projects that i was working on!
I figured with a unconditional money back guarantee i was given after sixty days that I had nothing to lose. All I had to do if it was not what I was looking for i could always send it back and get my money back. You can’t get a better deal than that.
When I got access to the download area, I was impressed with the layout and organization of the plans. With 16,000 plans, you would expect it to be disorganized somewhat. However, I found it quite easy to find the precise project I want. In all honestly, I do not know just how he does it for that price all those plans. It must have taken him a very long time to put all that together but am I ever glad he did. Thanks Ted.
It is an undeniable fact that the DIY (do-it-yourself) movement in America (and around the world) has actually picked up speed these last few years as more people become interested in create ornamental pieces, and even furniture, in the convenience of their woodworking workshops If you are interested in creating your own cabinets, shelves, and utility tables at home with your own ingenuity and creativity, you have come to the right place. The first thing that you will need to be able to construct your own furniture at home is a woodworking plan. A woodworking plan is a set of instructions that detail the equipment, tools, and raw materials needed in the project. Woodworking plans also provide the step-by-step instructions on how to assemble each part of the furniture.
If you happen to find a great woodworking plan, you should also be able to find some diagrams or illustrations that will help you attach the different parts of the furniture. Some plans may even have three-dimensional renditions, created using special design software. It takes a lot of effort to create a reliable woodworking plan, so be sure to pay close attention to even the smallest details so you don’t miss anything.
Woodworking appeals to a broad spectrum of DIY enthusiasts because you can construct the most useful (and beautiful) things from wood. The only real limitation when it comes to working with wood is a person’s willingness to invest time and effort in crafting decorative items, and furniture, from wooden boards and sheets.
If this is the first time you have worked with wood, we highly recommend that you choose a woodworking plan that is definitely useful, and small in scale, so you will have virtually no trouble handling it.
You can move on to larger and more ambitious woodworking plans after two or three test projects. The important thing here is that you enjoy what you are doing, and that you find satisfaction and pleasure in working with wood and creating your own stuff in your very own workshop. Most woodworking enthusiasts do it for the satisfaction of being able to save hundreds of dollars by constructing their own beds and tables. Some enthusiasts love the craft because they need an outlet for their creativity. And still some other enthusiasts create cabinet after cabinet because the whole process gives them this indefinable sense of satisfaction and accomplishment.
So, as you can see, you don’t really have to have a “pressing need” to create something to get started in woodworking. If you want a new hobby, and the idea of working with wood excites you, why not go for it?
The worst that could happen is that one project might not be completed because you found a more interesting woodworking plan. That is never a bad thing, because you can always continue half-finished projects later,when you finally feel like finishing them. Work on what you want and we can assure you that you will be thinking of your next project in no time.
If you have been looking for a great new hobby to make your weekends (or weekdays) more exciting (and productive), you may want to try one of the most satisfying DIY projects ever: woodworking! Woodworking is essentially just creating great things from scratch. The idea behind DIY woodworking is quite simple: most pieces of furniture are too expensive if you buy them from stores. If you are willing to spend a few hours producing something from raw materials like MDF sheets and pine boards, you won’t have to pay hundreds of dollars for new cabinets, tables, chairs, etc.
You might be surprised as to how inexpensive it is to put together a large piece of furniture. For example, did you know that you can make a brand new queen sized bed for just $100 or less? Wood is relatively inexpensive; the price goes up when you want something that has been crafted with wood. Amazingly, you can put together durable, and stylish, furniture yourself with the use of woodworking plans. Woodworking plans are created by woodworking enthusiasts and designers with one thing in mind: to teach people how to replicate a woodworking project. The first thing that you should look for in woodworking plan is the list of materials. A good woodworking plan should contain two sub-lists.
The first sub-list gives you an idea how much wood is needed to create the item being described in the plan. The second sub-list, on the other hand, will tell you the tools that you need. This is extremely important, because it is in this part of the woodworking plan where the designer will share with the reader what kind of saws and adhesives to use. Yes, woodworking requires the use of adhesives! While it is true that wooden pieces can be joined by nails, screws, and small hinges, adhesives (wood glue, specifically) are used to seal small cracks in the resulting framework.
Some woodworking plans come with 3-D drawings (let’s face it: some woodworking enthusiasts are very tech savvy!). 3-D drawings are nice, but they are not extremely necessary for the success of a woodworking project. It is actually more important to pay attention to the written instructions than to look at the images, because 3-D drawings are rarely perfect, and it is actually more difficult to follow a woodworking plan without having some text to refer to.
Pay attention to the exact measurements needed, and be sure to note any special instructions (such as adding adhesives or Spackle). Also, it is a good idea to check the original source of the woodworking plan before starting a project, to make sure that there aren’t any updates or changes. Sometimes, woodworking enthusiasts update old designs to streamline production time, reduce overall project costs, and so on.
If the woodworking plan that you have is in digital form, it is highly recommended that you print out the plan so you can look at it when you are actually working on the project. I have nothing against tablets or laptops, but if you have to bring expensive equipment into your workshop while you are working, that may not be the most efficient (or safest) option.
Woodworking is one of the most satisfying DIY (do-it-yourself) undertakings, and if you have a little extra cash (mostly for tools and raw materials such as MDF sheets and wood), a small space for your woodworking workshop, and a lot of creativity when working with your hands, you are going to have a great time. In today’s discussion, we are going to talk about four different projects that will help ignite your passion for woodworking.
The first project is a rustic coffee table with a glass top. If you are not comfortable working with glass, that’s fine, just work with MDF sheets. You can customize how the coffee table looks later on.
You can try using wood varnish, paint, or even synthetic bamboo to cover the table. You can choose from a wide variety of woods, such as pine or even oak. Use a miter saw to cut the top of the coffee table and the lower shelf. Use your miter saw for large MDF sheets, and then finish smaller cutting jobs with a simple table saw.
The second project that we recommend is the two-level bookcase. Small bookcases (especially the ones that are small enough to be placed under a window) are great for beginners, because the size of the wood is manageable for most first timers, but the entire process requires precision, which is a wonderful skill-builder.
A two-level bookcase requires pine boards and regular plywood. Again, the first thing that you have to do is to determine the size of the actual shelves, and then start cutting based on your measurements. End the construction by placing the base/foundation of the bookcase. Use stain-able fillers to patch narrow spaces in between joined wooden pieces.
The third project is a mirror made from oak. When you are done with the first two projects, we are certain that you can construct your very own full body mirror. A desirable size for a full body mirror is 8 feet x 3 feet (you can change the dimensions as you see fit; this measurement is only an example). The recommended finish for the wood, after the mirror has been set into the wooden frame, is shellac, or plain wooden varnish. You can also add accents and moldings to the mirror if you want.
The fourth and final project that you should try is a wood book stand. Book stands are not only useful – these elegant pieces can also be used to make a room look warmer and more comfortable. And, unlike other woodworking projects, a book stand only requires one to two hours of work. If you are not prepared to dish out 10 to 20 hours of work on a larger piece of furniture, such as a large bench or even a bed, it is best to start with wood book stand. Try using oak, because this wood always has that great creamy color that is perfect for most rooms in any home.
Apply shellac when you are done. The first thing that you have to do is to create the outline of the book stand, and use a band saw to create the design on the wood. When the pieces are finally cut from the wood, use a small door hinge to join the two symmetrical pieces, and you’re done!
We all know how expensive beds can be, so it’s not a real surprise that a lot of people are actually transforming themselves into do–it-yourself (DIY) warriors. If you think you have the time and the creativity to construct your very own stylish bed from scratch, then you are in luck.
Because today, we are going to talk about the general steps needed to construct a large, and comfortable, bed for any bedroom in your home.
For this project, you will need several basic tools, like the trusty nail gun, measuring tapes, and of course, one or two saws (a regular saw and a jig saw for creating rounded shapes with the wood). It is recommended that you use MDF sheets (or medium-density fiber-boards) for your bed, for added strength.
A queen-sized bed is approximately eight feet long and four feet wide; this amount of space should be enough for any person who wants a good night’s sleep. You will also need some wood glue, finishing nails, filler material, some sandpaper for minor wood sanding, and Spackle to seal any cracks in the wood. The first step in constructing a queen-sized bed is cutting the headboard. A forty-eight inch headboard should be sufficient. Use MDF for the headboard of your bed as well.
Use the jigsaw to cut those smooth arcs for the side paneling of the headboard. After measuring and cutting the headboard, foot board, and side paneling of the bed, combine all three components with wood glue and small screws. Now that you are done with the headboard region, measure the lower trim of the bed. Remember: a queen-sized bed is eight feet long, so the lower trim should be exactly eight feet long as well. Attach the cut lower trim to the side paneling and the headboard.
Your new bed will also require some sturdy slats. An eight-foot long bed will require exactly twelve slats. Make your measurements, and make sure that the wooden slats are equally spaced from each other. All wooden slats should be attached securely to the lower trim with screws. Use screws first, before using any Spackle, filler material, or wood glue.
If the screws are not long enough, or are not strong enough to withstand the toughness of the wooden slats, replace them immediately. You do not want to have cracked wooden slats, as these horizontal attachments will be responsible for bearing the weight of the person sleeping on top of the bed. The slats, in turn, will be supported by the rigid lower trim, which is in turn supported by the headboard and foot board. This is the reason why you have to be extra careful when measuring and attaching the different parts of the bed, because if one element is weak, the entire structure can fall apart.
But don’t worry, once you get used to attaching pieces of wood together, a queen-sized bed should be a walk in the park. When you are done attaching the slats, feel free to attach decorative elements to the bed, such as moldings. You have free rein when it comes to beautifying your brand new bed!
Have you ever wondered how bamboo-covered furniture is actually created? Well, today you are going to learn how to make your very own bamboo-covered bench! Making your own bench is actually quite easy; it is a recommended project for people who want to get into the DIY (do it yourself) spirit, but have little or no experience with carpentry.
DIY enthusiasts will attest to the fact that once you have mastered the basics of carpentry, everything else will feel second nature, because all furniture (beds, benches, tables, shelves, cabinets, etc.) follow the same rules of construction and carpentry.
Now, the first thing that you will need in any DIY woodworking project is a list of tools and materials. To create a bamboo-covered bench, you will need some bamboo flooring (which is, of course, synthetic, not made of organic bamboo), special wood glue for attaching the parts of the bench, a large MDF sheet (medium-density fiberboard), and a smaller MDF sheet so you can cover the legs of the bench. For the actual bench, you will need pine board (which is a prime choice for beginning woodworkers).
As always, you will need a regular saw (a manual saw), and a larger miter saw (miter saws use electricity and are used for cutting large boards and heavier pieces of wood). To save time, it is also a good idea to invest in a small screw gun, as well as a regular nail gun, so you can just attach the various pieces of wood and boards without having to sweat it out manually.
The first step in the assembly of the bench is to create a box from the MDF sheets. This box will be the actual seat of the bench. Of course, this “box” should have both short and long sides.
The long sides will dictate the length of the bench. Nail two stringers in between (these should be equally spaced). At each corner of the box, nail small, cut boards to form a square (these small pieces will run perpendicular to the stringers/supports).
The resulting spaces should match the dimensions of the legs of the bench. Don’t forget to add a fifth leg space at the middle! The additional leg will support the mid-region of the bench (so no one will have the misfortune of breaking your newly crafted bench).
It’s time to create the legs. Measure the square spaces at each corner of the bench top and create the legs from the MDF sheets. Attach the newly constructed legs, and strengthen the connection with wood glue.
When the legs are ready, brush some light adhesive on the surface of the entire bench. Measure and cut the synthetic bamboo covering, and attach these pre-cut pieces to the bench. If you have never cut wood before, it is a good idea to leave the sawing to a miter saw. It might be a little pricier, but over the long term you will be happier with the results.
One of the easiest items to craft in any woodworking shop is the table, and in today’s discussion we are going to discuss the basic steps for crafting your very own utility table from only some plain wood, and a bit of your own personal ingenuity.
The first thing that you have to do is create the base of the table. The base is the most complex frame in the entire assembly. The base requires two long sides, two shorts sides, and three stringers.
The stringers actually support the entire frame, and will allow you to place stuff on top of the table. Make sure that there is even spacing throughout when you install the stringers.
A butt-joint assembly is required for the base of the table. After assembling the base, check to see if you have achieved a stable square shape. Next, attach the legs of the table. Cut the legs evenly, and use a square to make sure that you have attached the pieces correctly.
Use a little wood glue to seal the narrow spaces found between the legs and the base of the table. If the legs of your table are made from relatively thin wood, do not use screws, as screws have been known to crack wood.
You do not want the wood on the legs to crack (even a little bit), because that will weaken the entire structure and, over time, those small cracks will require repairs (or complete replacement).
After gluing together the legs and the base of the table, it’s time to attach the leg stringers.
So, you have stringers on the base of the table, and on the legs. The additional stringers may not look that attractive on the table, but if you are going to use the table in your woodworking area, you need to add that extra layer of stability.
You never know what you will be placing on utility tables: it could be tools, heavy pieces of wood, and so forth. Do not cut the leg stringers before measuring the distance between the legs.
Place the table upside down on the floor and start measuring. Measure the distance between the legs of the table. You will be attaching a total of four stringers. Two stringers will be connecting the legs that are close to each other (short side).
An additional two stringers will be connecting the legs on the long side. The stringers on the short side should be placed close to the ground (about five inches up) while the stringers on the long side should be placed on the midpoints of the legs.
So, if you have 34 inch legs on your table, the halfway mark would be on the 17th inch up from floor. For additional strength, you can add two more stringers on the short side of the table. Secure the second set of stringers with small door hinges.
Use small screws to secure the stringers. The door hinges will act as bracers, and will further enhance the strength of the table. And finally, measure the size of the base of the table from side to side, and cut some plywood. Nail the plywood and varnish (or paint).